One of the older martial arts of China is known as Ba Fan Men (八翻门)，also referred to as Fan zi quan (翻子拳), Ba Fan Zi Men (八翻子门), Ba Shan Fan (八闪翻) and Duan Da (短打). Originally from Shandong, but disseminated through Hebei province. Nowadays, the most common known Fanziquan is from Dongbei , famously recognized for its speed and has often been combined with other martial arts to enhance their effectiveness.
The skill of Bafanmen and the principles are essential to combat and martial arts prowess. The older style of Bafanmen is still practiced in the regions of Hebei such as Gaoyang, Sunning, Cangzhou and neighboring villages. Whilst the Dongbei Fanziquan is popular in Dongbei (North East) and Gansu (North West) regions of North China. The key principles of Bafanmen lay on the interchanges and rotations of the attacks and defense.
Bafanquan is also known as Ba Shan Fan, Ba Fan Shou and Fanzi or collectively as a branch Bafanmen. The Bafan Quanpu (Boxing Manual) states " When entering the style the changes are the direct Ba Fan, within the heart is in the 8 sequences of boxing". This refers to the BaShi or Zhanzhuang Fan (basic changes) and the Ba Shanfan routines. Bafanquan is said to have one hand divided into 8 hands, then 8x8 are 64 hands.
Origins of Bafanquan
The origins of Bafanquan trace back to the Song dynasty, however the boxing manuals and theories date back only to the Ming Dynasty (1368 AD to 1644 AD). During the Ming period there was book "Jixiao Xinshu" thought to be around 1560 AD by General Qi Jiguang, which already included in Chapter 14, Bashanfan as boxing style of the time.
In accordance to the Bafanquan manuals, during the Ming dynasty a Master Wang Zhiquan had been taught the boxing by a mountainous wanderer. It is said that Master Wang was an accomplished warrior but had become injured in battle in a remote part of the area in what is currently Shandong province. It was here that the wanderer had assisted with Master Wang's injuries and was taught the methods of Bafanquan to improve his already good martial skills. The style then passed to down various generations in the Northern provinces such as Henan, Hebei and Shandong. During the Qing dynasty one of the most famous exponents of the style was Master Li Gongran from Xiong county in Hebei province. During the time he became a famed boxer and it was claimed that from Nanjing to Beijing, "All Fanzi under heaven belongs to Li Gong" (Grandmaster Li). This indicated how key he was to the spread and development of the style. His Son Li Erlou and disciple Sunning county's Feng Zhenyuan taught the style in Sunning county and their students setup many Security Logistics Bureaus.
After that period the style was spread in the counties of Hebei such as Hejian County, Li County, Gaoyang County, Raoyang County and Cangzhou areas. Each county has some variations to the style and unique features however they were all part of the same parent Bafanquan style. Even later branches spread to other parts of China and have since developed into their own variations of the Bafan approach. Since the full set of Bafanquan is intricate, yet its basic principles are so practical the style evolved into key methods such as: Lao Bafan (Old 8 fan), Changshou Fan (Long handed) and Duanshou Fan (Short handed). These are characterised also by their areas of practice. So Sunning and Gaoyang mainly practice Laobafan and Duanshou Fan, Raoyang and Lixian, practice Changshou Fan. Additionally, the methods and principles have been combined with other styles in the past as well, as examples:
- Gaoyang Duanquan was combined with Changshou Fan resulting in Mianzhang Fanzi
- Cangzhou Liuhequan was combined with Duanshou Fan resulting in Lianquan or sometimes known as Bafanshou
- Lianquan was then combined with Yingshou or Yueshisanshou locks resulting inYingzhao Fanziquan (Eagle's Claw)
- in Dongbei Chuojiao was combined with Changshou Fan resulting in Dongbei Fanzi
- Yanqingquan was combined with Changshou Fanzi resulting in Yanqing Fanziquan
- Tongbeiquan was combined with Changshou Fan resulting in Tongbei Fanzi
In terms of 'Fan' it refers to both changes and rotations/turns. Basically as strikes are released they have the ability to turn or rotate to either change the attack or defend in the process of a modified attack. This principle though simple to consider has difficulties in practice and requires the type specialist development as found in Bafanquan. Lao Bafan and Duanshou Fan share commonalities and in fact there is no concern of short or long in as much as the key principles of change or rotation. Additionally other branches refer to the alternate names of Bafanquan such as Bashanfan or Bafanshou.
Bafanmen is quite an ancient style with its origins in Song dynasty. Such a long history is difficult to trace so from the available records (the various family Quanpu or Boxing Manuals) we can determine key lineages commencing from the Ming Dynasty.
Historical Development of Bafanquan
1. Wang Zhiyuan (王智远, est. 1517-1556) from Ling County (陵县), Shandong Province - during the Ming Dynasty. Wang Zhiyuan was thought to have been a military commander, involved in many battles in protecting coastlines against pirates and intruders. Later when he left his post a summary of experiences was collated, known as Ba Fan (Eight Rotations/changes) which he passed to a small village group. Wang's spear skills were renowned and thus also part of the skills he taught.
2. Sun Yuenan (孙越南, est 1536-1598) from Kaifeng, Henan Province is the only recorded disciple of Wang Zhiyuan. His boxing techniques were known to contain shifts and dodges and the term "Ba Shan Fan" then depicted the skill.
3. Zhang Sihai (张四海, 1563-1622) Yishan Village, Changping district, Beijing. Zhang was said to have compiled the Ba Fan Shou systematically forming the basis of the future style. The Shi Ba Lan Dao (18 Interfering Broadsword) techniques were added by Zhang.
4. Ma Mou (马某,1604-1678) from Zhangqiu Shandong Province. Ma Mou (also known as Ma Huihui, as he was of the Hui nationalilty) played an Important role in the development of the style, the Zhangqiu Liutanggen set is supposed to be his development - previously mainly techniques and methods but no sets were practiced.
5. Ma Xiangjiu (马祥九, 1633-1695) also of Hui nationality from Dongchang district, Liao Cheng city, Shandong. Ma taught Bafanmen to Wang Shiyou from Hejian.
6. Wang Shi (王士, 1673-1739) taught his sons Wang Xuejun (王学俊) and Wang Xuejie (王学杰) , from Tianshuyou village in Hejian District, Hebei Province. The Wang brothers were pivotal in the development of Ba Fan Men into the system that was spread to this day. The creation of sets for practice including Qi Bu Quan, Meihua Pao etc. were there innovation and this included absorbing techniques of other styles.
Hebei Baoding - Bafan Men (保定 - 蠡县 高阳县 八翻门 八闪翻)
7. Wang Xuejun (1721-1796) passed on the skill to Wang Zhiguo (王枝国) , Hui Ming (慧明 和尚), Fa Jing (法静 和尚) ~Feng Keshan, Zhu Xiaode and Chen Qingming (陈庆明)
8. Fa Jing (法静, 1776-1858) taught Guo Laoxi (郭老溪, from Boye county, Hebei) and Song Yuelong ((宋跃隆) from Dezhou, Shandong.
9. Guo Laoxi passed on to Cao Huanan (曹化南) , Cao Laochao (曹老朝) and Cao Laokui (曹老奎) from Zhang village camp.
8. Wang Zhiguo (王枝国 1764-1835) passed on the skills to his son Wang Zhanao (王占鳌) , Zhou Xun (周旬) , Han Luma (韩禄马) and Yang Shenjie (杨沈杰)
9. Zhou Xun (周旬,1802 - 1873) passed it onto Wang Yongxun, Zhang Dongling, Liu Zhentang, Wang Lanting and Zhou Xiande
9. Wang Zhanao (王占鳌) passed it onto Zhang Jingtian, Wang hongli and Xu Zhaoxiong amongst others and exchanged with Duan Yonghe and Duan Yongqing
10. Zhou Xiande (周宪德, 1859-1946) passed on to Zhou Yuxiang, Ma Jingshan, Li Shuting and Li Xiang.
10. Song Zhaoling (宋兆麟) studied Liuhe Bafanquan from Anxin county M. Yizi (thereafter the style known as Yizi Bafanquan) and taught around the Baoding areas. His students included Liu Jiantang, Zang Zhaoxuan, Zang Zhaoaqi,Yang Zhenbiao, Wang Wenbin who taught through Anxin, Yang Zhenchuan who taught in Shanghai, Fan Zhenhan who taught at the China Warriors Society in Tianjin, Shen Fuxiang who taught in Beijing, and in Baoding city his students were many such as Wang Changshan, Shi Cunheng, Lu Qiuyuan whilst Wu Chunlin taught in Li County.
10. Zhang Dongling (张冬齡) taught Chen Junyi, Wang Shaoqing and Fu Renwu
10. Cao Bingyin (曹丙寅 1914-2004) taught his daughter Cao Zhimin, Ren Mengyu, Han Guangsu, Ren Jingang, Cao Xinzheng, Si Zhenxi, Cui JIanqiang, Zhan Suoran and so on.
11. Zhou Yuxiang (周玉祥, 1919-1998) taught Wu Chanlong, Zhao Haowei and Zhao Haoxu.
11. Chen Junyi (陈俊义) popularised the skill in Baoding city and taught many including Li Shan and Fang Yuchang.
Hebei Gaoyang - Mianzhang Fanzi (高阳 - 绵掌翻子)
10. Yang Shenjie taught Hu Jiantang (胡建堂) from Gaoyang Xiliao village, who was a master of Duanquan, Hu later combined the styles of Duanquan and BaFanMen to develop Mianzhang Fanziquan.
11. Hu Jiantang taught Wang Lizeng (王立增) and Zhang Delang (张德良).
12. Zhang Delang taught Qiao Xiuchuan (乔秀川).
13. Qiao Xiuchuan (乔秀川, 1929) was born in Xiliu village, Gaoyang County, Hebei Province. He studied martial arts since childhood under the tutelage of local Gaoyang masters Zhang Delang and Wang Lizeng. In 1957 he started teaching in Beijing and became nicknamed as 'Fanzi Qiao'. Although teaching he also studied further in 1959-1964 with Zhao Yanbo (Xingyi Quan expert, disciple of Shang Yunxiang) and Li Daozhong (Dabei Quan expert, disciple of Monk Qiyun), mastering those arts as well. After the cultural revolution he became a coach for local schools and worker's associations, holding numerous posts on martial associations as well.
Hebei Sunning - Bashan Fan (肃宁 - 八翻门 八闪翻)
7. Wang Xuejie (王学杰) taught Li Gongran (李恭) from Xiong County, Hebei Province.
8. Li Gongran was a key figure in Sunning Bafanquan since the lineage of entering into Sunning commences from his disciples. The set "liahuanjiao jishou" of the style is supposed to have been his development.Li Gongran taught quite a few disciples such as Li Gengyun, Liu Kuishan, Chang Laofang, Feng Zhankun, Guo Yindong, Dong Xianzhou, Facheng, Zhang Yuhe etc..but the two most prominent were his son Li Erlou and Sunnning County's Zhaohuangzhuang's Feng Shengyuan. These two became responsible for the development and spread of the style.
9. Feng Shengyuan (冯声远) in Sunning then passed the style to Sunning Dongbozhuang - Li Jingting (李敬亭) and Xu Jinzhao (徐金钊, associated with the Yuan Xun Security Bureau, 源顺镖局)
9. Li Erlou (李二楼) in Xiong County, passed on the skill to Yu Laobo (from Sunning).
9. Ma Laoyao taught in Nanzhao Village, passed the skill onto Zhang Degang
9. Zhang Yuhe (张玉和, 1863 -1929) in sunning passed it on to Wang Deming from Fu Cheng County who also studied other styles such as Pigua with Yu Zhenjiang from Gu An County , Liuhe with Zhang Hongchang and Chuojiao with Liu Baozhen. He then developed his new essence which the style became Fanzi Chuojiao....as a derivative branch of BaFanMen
10. Wang Deming (王德明, 1893-1967) is from Yihe Village, Fucheng County, Hebei province. After the defeat of the Yi He rebellon, he went to his fathers old village (his father was a meihuazhuang practitioner) and studied some fundamentals. His father however insisted that the go to Zhuozhou and become a disciple of Master Zhang Yuhe where he studied Bafan quan for many years. taught his sons, Wang Shaowu (王少武) and Wang Baoliang (王葆良, 1929-1993) who both resided in Jinzhou, Liaoning Province.
10. Li Jingting (李敬亭) passed it onto his son - Li Xiao and disciples - Yan Huitu , Yan Shouchen , Xu Fengshan and others.
10. Zhang Degang (张德刚) passed on his skills to Zhang Bingsheng, Zhang Hengxiang in Lijia Village.
10. Yu Laobo (于老泊) passed on to Bian Laochun (Fengtian Dexun Security Logistics Bureau, 德顺镖局).
11. The next generation included Li Dechuan (李德川, associated with the Desheng Security Bureau (德胜镖局),Guo Yuru, Guo Qixun, Zhang Laolian, Li Laoqun and others
11. Zhang Bingsheng (张斌生, 1893-1975) was an expert of Bafanquan and renowned Physician of Chinese medicine.
11. Bian Laochun (边老春) passed it on to his family and disciples such in Sunning Bian Wanlin, Bian Fushun, Bian Faxing, Zhang Mingsheng , Dong Chunlin , Zhou Shihao, Bian Baode, Liu Guangcai, Zhang Tongle, Mia Guashang, Yan San and Yan Erhei from Nanjingkou village
12. Liu Guangcai (刘广才) was the top disciple of Zhang Bingsheng, following him for almost a lifetime and became a Bafanquan expert.
13. Chi Jianxu (郗建勋) from Lijia Village, first studied under the tutelage of Wang Shuwen since childhood and later became a disciple of Liu Guangcai with he studied arduously for over 20 years with. He researched Bafanquan deeply and preserves its full combat principles and system.
13. Jin Wanfa (靳万发, 1950-) is from Shisu village, Suning County, Hebei Province. He studied martial arts with his uncles Jin Zengnian (靳增年) and Jin Hongnian (靳洪年). He later furthered his studies with Bafanquan experts, Yan San (阎三), Bian Fushun (边福顺) and Liu Yubin (刘玉宾). Throughout he has specialized in Ba Shanfan and is considered one of the foremost experts of Suning Bafanquan.
Dongbei- Fanziquan (东北 - 翻子拳）
11. Xu Zhaoxiong (徐兆熊) studied with Wang Zhan'ao (practiced both Bafanzi quan and Chuojiao wutangzi) the style and then taught Hao Mingjiu (郝鸣九) and Yang Junfeng (杨俊峰, 1857-1937) who then passed the art on in Shenyang, Liaoning (Dongbei) which in later generations became Dongbei Fanziquan (/Chuojiao fanzi).
Dongbei Masters - Includes Yu Boqian (seated first from left), Yang Junfeng (seated second from left), Hao Mingjiiu (seated third from left) and Hu Fengshan (fourth from left)
13. Yu Boqian (于伯谦, 1901-1981) Master Yu was instrumental in establishing Dongbei Fanziquan as a key branch. Yu Boqian was from Xia County, Liaoning province. In his youth he studied with the 'San Lao' of Dongbei. Masters Hao Mingjiu, Yang Junfeng and Hu Fengshan. Upon completing his studies at Dongbei University he became an empoyee of the East Railways. In 1931, he was involved in the Xian incident with Zhang Xueliang. In 1945 he returned to Shengyang, and during those later days he became acquainted with masters such as Chen Zicheng, Bi Yushan, Li Yushan, Ma Fengtu and Ma Yingtu receiving much advise and pointers from them. After the founding of the PRC, he opened a school in Shenyang 'Heping District Wushu School" Some of his key disciples included Shi Chunlin, Bai Guodong, Tong Qinghui, Lin Xinping, Yu Zhenping, Pan Qingfu, Fan Chuiba, Lin Xinwei, Zhang Fusheng, Yu Baocheng, Guo Hongyuan, Zhan Zhenku, Zhao Dianzhong, Liu Baoyuan, Wang Minglian, Zhu Renfa, Chen Qitai, Yu Zhenbo, Dan Rubai, Wang Dexian, Yu Gang and Li Qipeng.
Shanxi - Yue Shi Bafan Shou (山西 - 岳氏八翻手)
10. Liu Dekuan (刘德宽) had studied a large number of boxing styles and his legacies are found in Liuhe Quan, Baguazhang, Ba Fanshou and many others. Liu Dekuan taught Bafan Quan methods (also known as Lian Quan or Yue Shi San Shou) to Xu Yusheng and Liu Enshou.
11. Liu Enshou (刘恩绶) had then taught these at the Beijing Sports Research Society as basic boxing training and called it Yue Shi San Shou. Many practiced these boxings and had included them into their foundation before studying other arts (such as Taijiquan, Baguazhang) popular in Beijing at the time. One of Liu Enshou's students Wang Xinwu however managed preserve these in eight roads of Ba Fanshou.
12. Wang Xinwu (王新午, 1890-1964) originally from Fenyang, Shanxi province attended the Beijing sports school (around 1920) and studied with various professors (including Xingyi Quan, Taijiquan) including Liu Enshou from he learnt the 8 roads of Ba Fan Shou (Yue Shi San Shou). He was important in popularizing Bafan Shou by publishing a book in 1930 [Yue Shi Bafan Shou]. When he returned to Shanxi he taught many students including Liu Yuming, Shen Zirong, Hao Xueru, Zhao Sijie, Zhang Wanrong, Bao Yinglin, Zhang Antai, Liang Chunhua, Li Xiangde, Li Yunlong, Wang Jinquan and Ma Yeju.
13. Wang Jinquan (王锦泉, 1913-2007) published another book in 1986 with 24 roads (his sections were upper, central and lower Ba Fan) and in 1989 Ma Yeju (马野居) published (Yue Shi Lian Quan - Ba Fan Shou) where he identified the series as Lian Quan and divided into three sections of 24 roads). Wang Jinquan and Ma Yeju had many students and their efforts cemented the Yue Shi Bafan Shou in 24 roads as a style in its own right.
Yingzhao Fanzi (Eagle Claw Fanzi Quan)
8. Facheng (法成) taught elements of Fanzi to Liu Shijun called Lianquan, who then combined with Yingzhao Chin-na (or Yue Shi Sanshou).
9. Liu Shijun (刘士俊) was from Xiong County, Hebei Province and taught Liu Chengyou, Liu Dekuan, Xu Liu, Ji Zixiu, Ji De, Li Zhengsheng and others. Liu Shijun was responsible for the development of the basic methods of bafanmen including the Yuejiachui being harnessed into the Lianquan (linked fists) methods of Eagle Claw.
10. Liu Chengyou (刘成有) was from Guzhuangtou Village in Xiong County, Hebei Province. When he started trainig he first was introduced to the rudiments of boxing by "Flying Kicks" Yang JIngshan. He later studied with Liu Dekuan and Dong Xianzhou in Bafanzi Quan followed by further studies with Liu Shijun directly.Through his experiences Liu Chengyou enhanced the system by expanding the 36 locking methods into 108 Qin Na which became the key feature of the Eagle Claw branch. The key disciples of Liu Chengyou were Liu Qiwen, Chen Zicheng and Zhang Zhanwen.
11.Cheng Zicheng (陈子正, 1878-1933） also known as Chen Jiping, was from Lilin Village in Xiong County, Hebei Province. He studied boxing methods since his youth and became a disciple of Liu Chengyou. Cheng Zicheng was known as the "Eagle's Claw King" and became an accomplished martial artist. He joined the Chin Woo Association (Jing Wu) and was sent to Hong Long to teach in their representative branch, he was also later asked to go to Singapore and not longer after his arrival was challenged by some british boxers in competition. After defeating him he was recognized by Indonesia and awarded a dagger with the inscriptions " Chinese Boxing King". In addition to teaching, he did much to compile the Fanziquan system, including writings and developments such as compiling the Lian Quan into a series of Xingquan (moving fists) which were in 10 sequences (now has become 12 and up to 14 in some branches).
As an important teacher of the Chin Woo Association it allowed the style to be well promoted and spread globally. Many new forms were created on the basis of other styles taught at the association and the style became a new system referred to as Ying Zhao Fan Zi Men or simply Ying Zhao Pai (Eagle's Claw). In Hong Kong his key disciple was Liu Fawen (also his martial brother as the nephew of Liu Qiwen) who was responsible for the Chin Woo Activities in Hong Kong after Cheng Zicheng returned to Shanghai.
Methodology and Program Outline of Taiping Bafanquan
Bafanmen is comprised of a few key principles from which the skills are based and then are developed upon. The use of 'Fan' is a basic quality that means to turnover or rotate, but also signifies change. Thus in the attack of Bafan one of the key elements is the attack that can change at will often turnover the opponents defense or offense or completely displacing it. Bafanquan is solid and exact, its movements are often rapid and sudden with an explosive energy which is taken in a single breath to completion which gives opponents a feeling of not being able to withstand or stop it. This is not a repetition or chain of single or similar techniques, rather quite the opposite, it is an arsenal of multi angle full power issuing strikes and advanced mutual defensive and attack based methods. Often described as "a string of Chinese Crackers (fireworks)".The basic practices require of sight, hands, waist, stance/step, hip, elbows, knees and shoulders to be coordinated, flexible and strengthened. To develop such fundamentals there are many short basic technique practices like those presented below:
Yi Bu San Quan (一步三捶，One Step 3 Strikes),Qian Ba Xia (前八下，Frontal 8 Downwards),Wu Hua Pao (五花炮， 5 Flower Cannons(Fireworks)),Lu Shou Chui (捋手捶，Lead in Strike),Ya Chui (压捶，Pressing Strike),Yun Mo Shou (云摩手，Cloud Rubbing Hands),Tiao Chui (挑捶，Carry Over Strike),Ning Bu Fan (拧不翻，Twisting Step Turning strike),Beng Chui (蹦捶， Crushing Strike),Gai Chui (盖捶，Cover over Strike),Fan Quan (翻拳， Downward Turning Fist), Zuan Quan (钻拳， Upwward Drilling Fist),Shuai Quan (摔拳，Throwing Fist), Sha Zhang (杀掌，Killing Palm), Mo Chui (抹捶，Smearing Strike,) liao Yin Chui (撩阴捶，Pull Up Strike), Xiu Chui (袖捶，Turn Sleeves), Shao Chui (梢捶 Extensions Strike), Ning Da (拧打 Winding In Strike), Fan Tiao (反跳 Turnover Leap), Ba Da (扒打 Fling Aside Strike), Pi Za Chui (劈砸捶 Splitting Hammer Strike), Huan Gen Chui (环根捶 Changing root Strike), Lan Men Tui (拦门腿 Blocking the Gate Kick),Shan Zhan (闪展 Suddenly unfold).
Some of the fundamentals above can be grouped into what is often referred to as Yue Jia Shi Ba Chui (18 Strikes of the Yue Family). Some also can be practiced together into what is referred as Zheng Ba Fan. The training of Bafanquan in the beginning predominantly consists of the key basic movements of the style. Bafanquan is extremely combat effective, it relies on fast deceptive methods and with its unique transformation of angles and power, has very much an aggressive attack focus. Its techniques though chaotic to the observer are very refined and in fact require correct mastery to ensure effectiveness as each slip and rotation must be timed and coordinated to perfection
Liu Tang Gen (六趟根, Six Sequences of Mother Boxing)
Liu Tang Gen was originally a separate style and was brought into the system by the Wang brothers and Li Gong. Liu Tang Gen contains 6 sequences, each sequence has 3 moving gates, each gate has 4 entries, each entry method has 5 hands short striking. This then becomes 18 moving gates, 72 entry methods and 360 techniques. It is also known as Mu Zi Quan (Mother & Son Fist) or Wen Family Boxing 72 Gates. Military officer Zhang Qing was said to have compiled the set and used to train soldiers, thus the linear sequences and sometimes this set is called 'Zhang Qing's 6 Sequences'. The Three moving gates of the first Three sequences (of the Six) are noted below:
Sequence 1: Tornado Palm (Xuan Feng Zhang), Green Dragon Exits Water (Qing Long Chu Shui), Waist Chopping Stone Man (Yao Zhan Shi Ren)
Sequence 2: Connected Strikes (Jie Chong), Guan Yin Offers Back (Guanyin Xian Bei), Double Unfolds (Shuang Zhan)
Sequence 3: Lu Shou Zhu Xia (Leading hands assist below), Hai Di Fang Sha (Sand in the Bottom of the Ocean), Suo Shou Tui Zhang (Locking Hands Push Palm)
Bafan Quan (八翻拳, Eight Turning Hands)
Ba Fanzi are the heart of Bafan Men, which are also known as the Old Eight hands being Zhai (摘), Da (打), Beng (崩), Zhuan (转), Kao (靠), Lan (拦), Tuo (托) and Na (拿). These can be combined as each of the hands gives rise to eight variations, totally 64 key techniques. These methods are the combinations of the fundamentals, which introduce various methods from basic to advanced. Except for the first 8, these are fairly rare as they are the ancient methods prior to the development of Forms, thus although practiced by few, many had since discontinued in favor of the latter forms/sets. However now these have become essential for the development of real Bafanquan skills. Their importance cannot be understated. Today, there are 3 sections with eight sequences in each section, these are Bafanshou (Rotating/Changing), Balianshou (Continuous) and Bahuashou (neutralizing/Transformation).
Bashan Fan (八闪翻, Eight Turning Evasions)
Ba Shan Fan are the methods developed on the basis of the eight old hands into practical relatively short sets based on both the acquisition of new principles and specific combat experiences of Bafanquan practitioners.
Bafan Duilian (八翻对练, Combat 2 man sets)
18, 72 and 108 methods sets, Shou Tui Zhang (Locking Hands Push Palm)